Dropout at primary and secondary level : a challenge to ensure rights to education for the Government of Bangladesh
AuthorZaman, Md. Mostafa
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Education is the fundamental right to every citizen. The affiliation between education and poverty is spherical. The lack of education forces the poor household to engage in less productive activities which results in poverty. Poverty leads to low investment in education. As a developing country Bangladesh has many challenges to meet. There is obligation to fulfill the basic requirements of the citizen. Education is the core issue of all developments. Without it a nation cannot get forward movement. In this research, the issue of development and right to education have been analyzed with recommendations. It covers present context of education, development of education in last four decades, state of governance, the role of NGOs and the international development partners as well. Both rural and urban perspectives were focused on dropout. Gender issues have also been emphasized here. Role of the government has been discussed critically. In the study qualitative method has been used. Due to limitation of time and scope quantitative method has not been chosen. During research both primary and secondary sources of data have been used. The primary data have been collected from the study areas and the secondary ones from different relevant publications, dissertations, books, journal articles, reports, government publications, existing rules and regulations, different acts and websites. The methods of interview as designed are on the Semi-Structured Questionnaire FGD and Case Study. Right to education of all the citizens is a concern and to that end the National Plan for Action (NPA) and the National Education Plan (NEP) have special dimension in the research. The major findings of the study are- ensure quality education for the people who are engaged to less productive jobs, mismanagement of government allocations, impact of poverty and social decay like drug abuses. The recommendations made on different issues are mainly on minimizing poverty gaps, child-friendly teaching methods, process of teacher recruitment and looking for ways for universal primary education in Bangladesh. Hopefully the research will put a significant contribution to the field of knowledge.