Return and reintegration experience of Bangladeshi domestic migrant workers during Covid-19 pandemic
AuthorChowdhury, Akib Haider
MetadataShow full item record
Many Bangladeshi female domestic migrant workers working abroad returned home during the COVID-19 pandemic. There were many causes for the return of these migrant domestic women workers. Short-term and long-term challenges that these returnee women faces are still not thoroughly examined. This thesis is an attempt to examine how these migrant workers experienced their return and what were the key challenges in reintegrating them in Bangladesh. Empirical data has been collected from a total of 20 female migrant returnees through a structured questionnaire which included a total of 4 research questions that explored the main causes for their return, immediate and long-term challenges, types of reintegration measures introduced by the government, and the kind of assistance provided by NGO’s. In addition to these, a total of 4 Key Informant Interviews (KIIs) comprising of experts from this field were conducted. Empirical evidence shows that the causes for their return included the end of contracts, non-renewal of visas, business closures, violence and sexual assault etc. The immediate challenges that women returnees face is the need for psychosocial support in addition to challenges at the airport and complex documentation process. NGOs engaged in advocacy work, provision of psychosocial support, awareness raising campaigns etc. In terms of social acceptance, most of the returnee women have experienced various forms of mental abuse. The thesis argues that there are not enough policies in place to tackle these problems.