Prevalence of Tuberculosis and associated factors in Sylhet, Bangladesh
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In recent years, tuberculosis (TB) and multidrug-resistant TB (MDR TB) are increasing in several areas of this world. This study was conducted to provide a brief of recent findings and solutions for the underlying causes of the increased TB rate in Bangladesh's Sylhet division. This work has pointed out some major factors associated with tuberculosis in rural areas and the possible solutions that can serve as multipurpose documents, not only as evidence of scientific research but also to increase awareness among general people. Data were collected from three districts (Sylhet, Moulvibazar, and Habiganj) of the Sylhet division from January to March 2021 and thoroughly analyzed. A total of 25711 presumptive TB patients were tested, and among them, 4116 were confirmed to have TB aged between 0 to 65+ years. TB was more prevalent in males (59%) and people between 45 to 65 years. MDR TB was found in 0.48% of cases and, the number of patients with extra-pulmonary TB was 10.66%. Malnutrition, lack of female health workers, and lack of social awareness have been found as important associated factors contributing to the high incidence rate of TB in these areas. Further studies need to be done to generate more evidence-based data, which will help fight tuberculosis and save human lives.