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dc.contributor.authorBiswas, Tuhin
dc.contributor.authorIslam, Anwar
dc.contributor.authorIslam, Md Serajul
dc.contributor.authorPervin, Sonia
dc.contributor.authorRawal, Lal Bahadur
dc.identifier.citationBiswas, T., Islam, A., Islam, M. S., Pervin, S., & Rawal, L. B. (2017). Overweight and obesity among children and adolescents in bangladesh: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Public Health, 142, 94-101. 10.1016/j.puhe.2016.10.010en_US
dc.descriptionThis review was published in the Public Health [© 2016 The Royal Society for Public Health] and the definitive version is available at: The Journal's website is at:
dc.description.abstractObjectives The increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity among children (0–12 years) and adolescents (13–19 years) has emerged as a major public health threat in Bangladesh. Unfortunately, there is a serious paucity of credible data on these issues that can be used for policy and programmatic development. This article presents a systematic review of studies on overweight and obesity to present a more accurate estimate by pooling results. Study design Systematic review. Methods The study systematically reviewed relevant literature published between 1998 and 2015 using predefined inclusion/exclusion criteria. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses checklist was used to identify relevant studies. Measures of heterogeneity and variability were calculated, and a random effect model was used to report pooled prevalence rates of overweight and obesity. Results The findings show that prevalence rates of overweight and obesity among children and adolescents varied widely from 1.0% to 20.6% and 0.3% to 25.6%, respectively. The pooled prevalence rates of overweight and obesity were 7.0% (95% confidence interval [CI] 5.0–10.0) and 6.0% (95% CI 4.0–8.0), respectively. The pooled prevalence rate of overweight increased substantially over the years, from 3.6% during 1998–2003 (95% CI 0.3–29.2) to 5.7% during 2004–2009 (95% CI 0.8–30.2) and 7.9% by 2010–2015 (95% CI 5.1–12.1). However, the pooled prevalence rate of obesity registered a sharp decline between 1998–2003 and 2004–2009 – from 9.7% (95% CI 5.7–16.2) to 2.0% (95% CI 0.3–11.1) – and subsequently increased significantly to 9.0% by 2010–2015 (95% CI 5.3–14.6). Conclusions This review identified increasing trends in the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children and adolescents in Bangladesh. This study underscores the urgent need to promote healthy lifestyles among children and adolescents with a view to effectively address the increasing problem of overweight and obesity. This would also help to prevent the development of chronic non-communicable diseases in adulthood.en_US
dc.publisher© 2017 Elsevier B.V.en_US
dc.subjectChronic diseasesen_US
dc.subjectRisk factorsen_US
dc.titleOverweight and obesity among children and adolescents in Bangladesh: a systematic review and meta-analysisen_US
dc.contributor.departmentJames P Grant School of Public Health, BRAC University

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