Response in mass casualty incidents: survival of selected tertiary level hospital in Bangladesh
AuthorMunir, AKM Mashiul
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An effective and immediate response from hospital personnel is critical to meet the needs of affected populations at the time of an disaster. Hospitals need to develop, practice and continuously update an effective disaster/emergency medical response plan. Communities and impacted regions cannot depend on immediate medical and humanitarian aid from other outside sources to meet medical care needs during the first three to five days following a mass casualty incident. How hospitals in disaster-prone countries like Bangladesh can improve their medical response is discussed. To find out the resilience of a tertiary level hospital in Bangladesh to combat mass casualty incidents, Kurmitola General Hospital was selected and study was carried out. This study was a cross-sectional questionnaire survey. The administrator, engineers and in charge of the Emergency & Casualty department were interviewed. The hospital was visited to verify the selected questionnaire response by a checklist. Among all the tertiary level hospitals “Kurmitola General Hospital” was selected. It is the most recently constructed tertiary level general hospital in Bangladesh. So it is expected that disaster survival and disaster support elements and structures are well formulated in this hospital. This study was conducted from January 2017 to September 2017. The WHO guideline was followed to find out resilience of Kurmitola General Hospital. Hospital Safety Index (HSI) for this hospital was included with 162 items, which included structural, non-structural and functional capacity. Hospital safety was classified to three safety classes: low (≤34.0), average (34.01–66.0) and high (>66.0). Structural safety of this hospital was 100%, nonstructural safety was rated as 78%. But functional safety which included the managerial aspects was 37% only. Which demands more emphasis to be given on hospital disaster planning, training of personnel and coordination with other stakeholders. Same type of survey for all the tertiary level hospitals of Bangladesh and forwarding a consolidated report to the competent authority for further planning is recommended.