Drinking water collection system in cyclone affected coastal village of Bangladesh
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The implications of Cyclone in Bangladesh are the sea level rising, changes of climate patterns, man-made alteration of natural settings and main salinity in river water is increasing rapidly in the community of southern Bangladesh. After the cyclone SIDR and AILA surface water and also ground water on the southern side of Bangladesh became salty. People were also suffering from drinking water during the year. The most important factor is the lack of the collecting technique for drinking water. In my research, I tried to find out the collecting technique to develop, which can help in gathering drinking water consistently, also better understanding of the process of salinization of drinking water resources in Bangladesh. All the data from field study was being collected in two different unions. One was SUTARKHALI union and other is TILDHANGA union. So that we can actually understand the effects of cyclone damages and suffer from the shortage of drinking and safe water. As research methods, both secondary and primary sources were applied. The groups targeted to be interviewed were community people in the coastal community, officials of non-governmental and governmental organizations. Efficient aspects for lack of drinking water are salinity, shrimp farming, and arsenic. In water, salinity is making the lives of people miserable. They have social, economic or physical consciences. There is some traditional strategy regarding the collection system of drinking water. This knowledge is based on common sense and experience, but does not have any engineering basis. During the year they can collect the water from rain water, saline water and some point in a dew drop. In some process, they can use this water for drinking. This thesis discussed a device for collecting drinking water called PANI [Purified Aqua for Numerous individual] which is based on regular knowledge and throughout some technology. Hopefully, these are helping for collecting drinking water throughout the year with salinity ingression, also economically affordable, easy accessibility, maximum use, portability and durability for the affected community of southern Bangladesh.