Information transmission through a quantum information channel
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We consider the transmission of classical information over a quantum chan- nel. The channel is expressed by an alphabet of quantum states. For an example, we can express quantum states by photon polarization. For trans- mitting information, we use speci ed set of probabilities. If we nd that the receiver is unable to make separate measurement on the received letter then we have to use Holevo theorem. From this theorem we see that, in such case, the amount of information per letter we are sending cannot be larger than the Von Neumann entropy H of the letter ensemble. It happens most of the time that, the actual amount of information which will be transmitted is less than H. However if we use block coding scheme which has options to choose code words that respects the priori probabilities of the letter states then we nd a di erent situation. In this case the receiver distinguishes whole words rather than individual letters. In this way, the information transmitted per letter can be made arbitrarily close to H. Block coding scheme helps us to nd clear information of theoretical interpretation of Von Neumann entropy in quantum mechanics. We use this experiment in superdense coding and we consider this extension to noisy channels.