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dc.contributor.authorAhmed, Tahmeed
dc.contributor.authorMahfuz, Mustafa
dc.contributor.authorIreen, Santhia
dc.contributor.authorAhmed, A. M. Shamsir
dc.contributor.authorRahman, Sabuktagin
dc.contributor.authorIslam, M Munirul
dc.contributor.authorAlam, Nurul
dc.contributor.authorHossain, Md Iqbal
dc.contributor.authorRahman, S M Mustafizur
dc.contributor.authorAli, M Mohsin
dc.contributor.authorChoudhury, Fatima Perveen
dc.contributor.authorCravioto, Alejandro
dc.descriptionThis review was published in the Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition [© 2012 © International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh] and the definite version is available at :
dc.description.abstractAlthough child and maternal malnutrition has been reduced in Bangladesh, the prevalence of underweight (weight-for-age z-score <-2) among children aged less than five years is still high (41%). Nearly one-third of women are undernourished with body mass index of <18.5 kg/m2. The prevalence of anaemia among young infants, adolescent girls, and pregnant women is still at unacceptable levels. Despite the successes in specific programmes, such as the Expanded Programme on Immunization and vitamin A supplementation, programmes for nutrition interventions are yet to be implemented at scale for reaching the entire population. Given the low annual rate of reduction in child undernutrition of 1.27 percentage points per year, it is unlikely that Bangladesh would be able to achieve the United Nations' Millennium Development Goal to address undernutrition. This warrants that the policy-makers and programme managers think urgently about the ways to accelerate the progress. The Government, development partners, non-government organizations, and the academia have to work in concert to improve the coverage of basic and effective nutrition interventions, including exclusive breastfeeding, appropriate complementary feeding, supplementation of micronutrients to children, adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women, management of severe acute malnutrition and deworming, and hygiene interventions, coupled with those that address more structural causes and indirectly improve nutrition. The entire health system needs to be revitalized to overcome the constraints that exist at the levels of policy, governance, and service-delivery, and also for the creation of demand for the services at the household level. In addition, management of nutrition in the aftermath of natural disasters and stabilization of prices of foods should also be prioritized.en_US
dc.publisher© 2012 Journal of Health, Population and Nutritionen_US
dc.subjectChild nutritionen_US
dc.subjectMaternal nutritionen_US
dc.subjectNutrition disordersen_US
dc.subjectReview literatureen_US
dc.titleNutrition of children and women in Bangladesh: trends and directions for the futureen_US
dc.contributor.departmentJames P Grant School of Public Health, BRAC University

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