Phytochemical and biological evaluation of Lindenbergia indica
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This study was intended to identify and assess the potential phytochemical as well as biological properties of the medicinal plant Lindenbergia indica (Scrophulariaceae family). To achieve these purposes, different experiments were performed, such as phytochemical screening, antioxidant activity test, brine shrimp lethality bioassay and antimicrobial activity evaluation. However, the plant Lindenbergia indica is locally used for the treatment of chronic bronchitis, dysentery, arthritis, hydrophobia and sepsis. It is also evident from different observations that, this plant is an abundant source of large number of long chain hydrocarbons, beta-setosterol, beta-setosterolpalmitate, beta-setosterol-beta-D-glucosidase, mannitol and apigenin. In the existing investigation, phytochemical screening has indicated the presence of tannins, saponins, carbohydrates, glycosides and glucosides in this particular plant. Additionally, moderate antioxidant as well as antimicrobial activity of Lindenbergia indica was observed from the experiments. However, in brine shrimp lethality bioassay, it didn’t show any significant cytotoxicity. So, on the basis of the present investigation, it can be proposed that the plant “Lindenbergia indica” can be used as a medicinal plant.