A comparative study on dispersivity of Arsenic among Surma, Sari and Volaganj sand
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Transport mechanism of Arsenic (As) through the Surma, Sari and Volaganj sand is the prime concern of this study. Three column leaching tests were performed to find the dispersivity property of As. Numerous physical properties of these sand samples were determined and it shows Volaganj sand is most permeable. From the collected data experimental and theoretical breakthrough curve (BTC) were prepared and compared with each other. The value of dispersion coefficient and Index of dispersion were calculated. Dispersion coefficient (773.763cm2/min) and index of dispersion (844.3cm2/min) was higher for Surma sand. The leaching rate was found higher for higher pore water velocity of the Volaganj sand. The study also reveals that there is a significant difference between theoretical and experimental breakthrough curve. So not only convection/dispersion but also other processes such as adsorption, reaction with other compound are associated with the movement of arsenic through the sand medium.