Information frictions in the labor market: Evidence from a field experiment in Uganda
PublisherGrowth and Labour Markets in Low Income Countries Program
MetadataShow full item record
We study how a lack of information on the skills of workers affects both employers and job seekers. To do so, we design and implement a field experiment in the Ugandan labour market: through the provision of certifications, we vary whether new information on the soft skills of workers is disclosed to both managers and workers during job interviews. We show that both sides of the market react to the information: managers of higher ability update their beliefs on worker’s skills, while workers with higher skills revise their outside options upwards. Guided by these facts, we develop a screening model with two-sided updating. The model predicts non-linear impacts of the certifications on job offers and hires along with the skill distribution, due to differential effects on worker’s outside options. In line with these predictions, we find the largest employment gains for workers in the middle of the skill distribution. Our estimates of the Internal Rate of Return (IRR) of the intervention range between 9-29%, implying positive welfare gains for the average participant. Motivated by the heterogeneous impacts, we use the model to determine the welfare effects of introducing a mandatory certification policy on soft skills across the entire skill distribution.