A comparative study of intelligent reflecting surface and relay in satellite communication
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One of the most significant technologies for worldwide telecommunication is satellite communication. The fundamental advantage of satellites is their extensive range. Low Earth Orbit (LEO) satellites have the least propagation delay and the best data rate when compared to other satellite types. Another recent technology being implemented in communication systems are Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). UAVs provide a new dimension to the world of communication. The principal advantages of UAV are their high mobility and versatility. In this thesis, we build a communication system consisting of ground base stations, UAVs and LEO satellites. We then implement two communication schemes in our system and analyze their performance to find out the better performer. The two communication schemes that are employed are a Decode and Forward (DF) relay assisted scheme and an Intelligent Reflecting Surface (IRS) assisted scheme. In our results, we determined that when considering optimum power transmission and energy efficiency at the same achievable rate, the IRS scheme provided a much better performance than the DF relay scheme. The results of our thesis conclude that the IRS scheme is much more superior to the DF relay scheme.