Reflection of Bakhtin’s theory into Dostoevsky’s Notes from The Underground, Franz Kafka’s The Metamorphosis: A critical analysis through Dialogism, Dialogic Self-Consciousness, Polyphony and Heteroglossia
AuthorOni, Shazia Azim
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The main goal of this thesis is to discover the reflection of the Russian philosopher Mikhail Bakhtin’s philosophy of dialogism, dialogic self-consciousness, polyphony, heteroglossia into Fyodor Dostoevsky’s Notes From The Underground, Franz Kafka’s The Metamorphosis. This thesis aims to do a critical analysis of Dostoevsky’s underground man and Franz Kafka’s The Metamorphosis novella’s protagonist named Gregor through the philosophy of Bakhtin. It discusses about the characters, themes and narration analysis of Notes From The Underground and The Metamorphosis. It also aims to find out the similarities between these two works. In this thesis paper, the phenomenon will be analyzed- Do Mikhail Bakhtin’s philosophy has a correlation with Fyodor Dostoevsky’s Notes From The Underground, Franz Kafka’s The Metamorphosis through the idea of dialogism, dialogic self-consciousness, polyphony and heteroglossia? If they do, then- how their discourses are interrelated with each other? Why dialogism and Dialogic self- consciousness are important in terms of interaction? In this paper, it will also be discussed- how Kafka is Fyodor Dostoevsky’s “the real life underground man”?