|dc.identifier.citation||Hyder, S. M. Z., Persson, L. A., Chowdhury, A., Lonnerdal, B., & Ekstrom, E. C. (2000). Anemia and iron deficiency during pregnancy in rural Bangladesh. Research Reports (2000): Health Studies, Vol - XXIX, 229–251.||en_US
|dc.description.abstract||Objective: To assess the prevalence of anemia, iron deficiency and iron deficiency
anemia (IDA) among pregnant women in rural Bangladesh
Design: Baseline data on 215 pregnant women who were invited to participate in an
iron supplementation trial were used. The women were in their second trimester and
selected at registration from 50 antenatal care centers. Hemoglobin (Hb) concentration
of venous blood samples was measured by HemoCue® system. Serum was collected for
assessment of ferritin by imrnuno-radiometric assay and transferrin receptors (sTtR) by
immunoassay double sandwich method. , Anemia was defined as having Hb
concentration <110 giL, iron deficiency as serum ferritin <12 f.Lg/L and/or sTtR >8.5
mg/L and IDA as the combination of anemia and iron deficiency. High sTfR/serum
ferritin ration was >500.
Setting: The central part of Bangladesh, in a rural area of Mymensingh district between
Results: Mean (SD) of Hb was 110 giL (14 giL), while median serum ferritin, sTfR and
sTfRJserum ferritin was 13.7 f.Lg/L, 6.2 mg!L and 458, respectively. The prevalence of
anemia was 50%, iron deficiency 54% and high sTfR/serum ferritin 48%. None of the
study women had severe anemia. The ·prevalence of IDA was 33%. Of the anemic
women 66% had iron deficiency and 64% high sTfR/serum ferritin.
Conclusion: Both anemia and iron deficiency were highly prevalent. About two-thirds
of the anemia cases were associated with iron deficiency.
Sponsorship: The study was financially supported by Sida/SAREC, Sweden and BRAC,
Descriptors: Anemia, iron deficiency, iron deficiency anemia, serum transferrin
receptor, serum ferritin, pregnant women, Bangladesh||en_US