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dc.contributor.authorGutierrez, Italo A.
dc.contributor.authorKumar, Krishna B.
dc.contributor.authorMahmud, Minhaj
dc.contributor.authorMunshi, Farzana
dc.contributor.authorNataraj, Shanthi
dc.identifier.citationGutierrez, I. A., Kumar, K. B., Mahmud, M., Munshi, F., & Nataraz, S. (2019). Transitions between informal and formal employment: results from a worker survey in Bangladesh. IZA Journal of Development and Migration, 9(1). doi:
dc.descriptionThis article was published in IZA Journal of Development and Migration [© 2019 Springer Berlin Heidelberg] and the definite version is available at: The Journal's website is at:
dc.description.abstractWe study transitions between different types of formal and informal employment using retrospective job histories from a new survey in Bangladesh. Workers transitioning between jobs are most likely to remain in the same type of employment, although there is still substantial churn across employment types. Private wage employees have higher probability of transitioning to a new job, and changes in earnings and benefits suggest evidence of upward mobility. Nevertheless, there is also non-trivial risk of downward mobility, especially for those transitioning into casual employment, which has the lowest level of earnings and benefits and the highest levels of exposure to workplace hazards and violence. Overall, the informal sector appears to include sub-populations consistent with both the traditional view that it is a segmented portion of the labor market with few prospects of upward mobility, and with the alternative view that it is a dynamic, entrepreneurial alternative to wage employment.en_US
dc.publisher© 2019 Springer Berlin Heidelbergen_US
dc.subjectInformal laboren_US
dc.subjectCasual workersen_US
dc.subjectJob transitionsen_US
dc.subjectWorking conditionsen_US
dc.subjectJob benefitsen_US
dc.titleTransitions between informal and formal employment: results from a worker survey in Bangladeshen_US
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Economics and Social Sciences, Brac University

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