Survey on patients undergoing treatments for cervical, endometrial and ovarian cancer
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Cancer is a disease with an abnormal cell growth and it can invade or spread from one organ to another. There are some common symptoms noticed for cancer like abnormal bleeding, lumps, weight loss and change in bowel movement. Using tobacco is one of the major causes for cancer and that causes 22% of cancer. In addition to that, poor diet, obesity, alcohol consumption may cause 10% of cancer. Moreover, 15% of cancers occur due to some viruses like Helicobacter pylori, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, human papillomavirus infection, Epstein–Barr virus and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Genetic defects can also cause cancers and the chances are 5- 10%. Screening test is most common and initial test for detection of cancer. Some treatments are followed to control cancer as most of the time this disease cannot be cured. Radiotherapy, chemotherapy, surgery, hormone therapy, lesser therapy, immunotherapy and some oral medicines are used for cancer treatment. In 2018, 18.1 million new cancer cases and 9.6 million cancer deaths were stated. In the same year worldwide an estimated 570,000 cases and 311,000 deaths occur by cervical cancer. Cervical cancer is now the fourth most diagnosed cancer and fourth leading cause of death among women in whole world. Ovarian cancer is the seventh most commonly diagnosed cancer and the eighth most common cause of death from cancer over the world. Ovarian cancer has only 30% of cure rate. For this survey data was collected from 70 patients with different gynecological cancer and then statistical analyzing was done. The result of this survey showed 94.29% patients are married and 61.43% patients are in between age 35-55. Both this findings from the patients selected for this survey indicated that the sexually active women have higher chance to have any of the gynecological cancer. The result of this survey also showed that 61.43% women are affected by passive smoking. Another finding showed 60% of patients used to take contraceptive pills for long time. This result implied that taking contraceptive pills for long time could be a cause of any of these gynecological cancers. There are no patients from this survey who took vaccines against cervical cancer and none took any psychological help for fast recovery. Almost 50% of the patients believed in homeopathy and herbal treatments, which actually did not work on these diseases. The survey shows that side effects are most prominently expressed in patients above the age of 56 years and patients with stage-3 and stage-4 cancer. Therefore, the findings from this survey indicates that married and middle-aged women should be more careful to their health and avoid contraceptive pills, passive smoking and take vaccines for preventing and controlling the disease in a better way.