A study of the prospects of regenerative medicine highlighting some established protocols to generate organ-specific cells
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Regenerative medicine is a prominent field of research with a potential to substitute the current treatment options. From the replacement of damaged or injured tissue/organ to the changing direction of current medicinal practice, it can play a very impactful role. Tissue engineering is a sub-field of regenerative medicine that deals with the generation of body parts ex vivo, by seeding cells into a supporting scaffold. The basic components of regenerative medicine are cells and scaffolds, therefore, the current therapies include cell-based therapy, using biomaterials and implanting scaffolds seeded with cells. It is now possible to generate many cells or cells alike by guiding the differentiation of the stem cells. Various methods and protocols that are established through the research to get hepatocytes, cardiomyocytes and neural cells have been discussed in this project work. The study also highlighted the application of the above-mentioned cells in the treatment of many diseases.